Multiplication of Loaves and Fishes Lesson Plan for 4th and 5th Grade

Key Points

On Sunday, when we go to Mass, we attend a special meal in which the bread and wine are consecrated into Jesus’ body and blood. This provides special nourishment. When we read the story of the multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes, we understand how Jesus is always there to provide the nourishment we need.

Gathering Activity: Prequiz-Story of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes

As students arrive ask them to fill out the short quiz to see what they know about the story of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes.

Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes Pre-Story quiz by Catechism Angel at


What should we do on Sundays?….. [go to Mass, avoid unnecessary work, spend time with family]
What commandment does this honor?….. [The 3rd: Remember to keep holy the Lord’s day]
What happens to the bread and wine during Mass?….. [it becomes Jesus’ body and blood]
How is the Mass a meal?…… [we are fed and nourished spiritually]

Art Print: The Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes by James Tissot

Miracles of Loaves and Fishes artwork for catechism lesson at Catechism Angel at
artist James Tissot, Brooklyn Museum
public domain

Show this artwork on a device for the whole class to see. Ask these questions.

  1. What do you see happening?
  2. What time of day is it?
  3. Who are these people? And what are they doing? Can you pick out Jesus?
  4. Can you guess what Bible story this is depicting?

Scripture: Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes [Mark 6:34-44]

Together as a class read Mark 6:34-44 from your Bibles or an on-line Bible.

Discuss Scripture

Go over Pre-story Quiz answers:

  1. Who did the people come to see and hear him talk? ….. [Jesus]
  2. How many men, women, and children were there? …… [5,000]
  3. How much food did the apostles collect?….. [5 loaves and 2 fishes]
  4. After Jesus said a prayer, what did he do with the food?….. [He broke up the bread and fishes and handed them to the disciples to give to the people.]
  5. How much food was leftover? ….. [Enough to fill 12 baskets]
  6. Why is this a miracle?…..[it is an unusual or wonderful event that we believed to be caused by the power of God]
  7. What can we learn from this miracle?…… [Possible Answers]
    • Jesus has God’s powers
    • Jesus is always there to take care of our needs
    • Jesus will give us what we are hungry for…. even things that are NOT food.  Like what?
      • love
      • friendship (Jesus is always our friend)
      • safety (Jesus will keep us safe)
  8. BONUS Some scholars think that another interpretation of the story is that it shows the miracle of sharing?
    • How can that be?
    • Do you think that when Jesus prayed he inspired people to bring out food they had hidden in their cloaks?
    • Do you see how Jesus can bring out the best out in us!!  When?

Worksheet: We Are the Body of Christ

Introduce the upcoming worksheet by asking this questions and using the key points:

  • When we go to Communion what does the Eucharistic Minister say?…..[Body of Christ]
  • What do we say when we receive the Body of Christ?…..[Amen]
  • What does Amen mean?….. [Hebrew word that translates to “So be it”]
  • So at Communion, we are saying “Yes, I will be the Body of Christ!”
  • By completing this worksheet everyone will discover ways to be the Body of Christ for others.

Use the directions and guide on the Worksheet post to complete together as a class.

We are the Body of Christ Worksheet at

GAME:  Fish and Loaves Relay 

Students love this fun game by Christian Crafers. One adaption I make is to have the ending happen after about 5 min instead of once the supply of goldfish and pretzels is gone. The team with the most snack in their tumbler cup wins. Some kids quickly learn that the pretzels are trickier than the goldfish to hold on the spoon.

Closing Prayer: Bless the snack and eat

When you have declared a winner to the game, bless the snack in the big bowl by saying,

Dear God,

Thank you for the blessing of this food and the nourishment it brings. Thank you also for the nourishment of the Eucharist. May it help us to go out to be the “Body of Christ” for others.


Distribute the leftover snack still in the big bowl and fellowship.

Email to families

In class, we will read the story of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes [Mark 6:34-44].

Questions(s) for the car ride home:

• What does this miracle mean for us?
• What does it tell us about Jesus being the source of nourishment? …..[Do you have confidence Jesus will always provide nourishment for us both physically and emotionally?]
• How does the Eucharist nourish us?….. [it reminds us to be the “Body of Christ” for others; it feeds us so we can do the work of Christ every day]

Your child’s catechist

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